Attention Deficit and Hyperactive disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit and Hyperactive disorder (ADHD)

⦁ What is ADHD?

ADHD is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorder affecting children. ADHD is a condition of the brain that makes it difficult for children to control their behavior. It affects 4% to 12% of school-aged children. About 3 times more boys than girls are diagnosed with ADHD.

⦁ Are there different types of ADHD?

Not all children with ADHD have all the symptoms. They may have one or more of the symptom groups listed in Table 1. The symptoms usually are classified as the following types of ADHD:

Inattentive only – Children with this form of ADHD are not overly active. Because they do not disrupt the classroom or other activities, their symptoms may not be noticed. Among girls with ADHD, this form is most common.

Hyperactive/Impulsive—Children with this type of ADHD show both hyperactive and impulsive behavior, but can pay attention. They are the least common group and are frequently younger.

Combined Inattentive/Hyperactive/Impulsive—Children with this type of ADHD show a number of symptoms in all 3 dimensions. This is the most common type of ADHD.

⦁ How can I tell if my child has ADHD?

Remember, it is normal for all children to show some of these symptoms from time to time. Your child may be reacting to stress at school or home. She may be bored or going through a difficult stage of life. It does not mean he/she has ADHD. Sometimes a teacher is the first to notice inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity and bring these symptoms to the parents’ attention. Perhaps questions from your pediatrician raised the issue. At routine visits, pediatricians often ask questions such as

⦁ How is your child doing in school?
⦁ Are there any problems with learning that you or your child’s teachers have seen?
⦁ Is your child happy in school?
⦁ Is your child having problems completing class work or homework?
⦁ Are you concerned with any behavior problems in school, at home, or when your child is playing with friends?

Your answers to these questions may lead to further evaluation for ADHD. If your child has shown symptoms of ADHD on a regular basis for more than 6 months, discuss this with your pediatrician. 

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